Goal 3 2009.mp4
In this capstone, the goal is to build software that takes as input the genome sequences of closely related bacteria and automates comparative genomic analyses of these species. These analyses uncover what biological features the species have in common and what makes each of them unique.
Goal 3 2009.mp4
This capstone course, entitled "Multi-Robot Systems: Theory and Implementation," covers key topics in multi-robot systems: distributed algorithms, ad-hoc networking, and coordinated motion. The topics are introduced through a series of labs using 12-robot mini-swarms. The main emphasis of the course focuses on distributed algorithm design, and the goal is to understand how to write software for a large number of robots.
Little is known about the manipulation and prediction of adherence to voice therapy homework. Strategies to improve adherence have received limited empirical investigation and have been designed for highly structured treatment programs. For example, the LSVT Companion software, providing loudness and pitch feedback, shows potential to replace the therapist altogether (Halpern et al., 2012), but it has limited utility outside of pitch and loudness goals. Motivational Interviewing strategies have been suggested to improve patient adherence to direct voice therapy protocols (Behrman, 2006; van Leer, Hapner, & Connor, 2008), but no empirical studies have tested their efficacy experimentally. Provision of an example audio compact disc (CD) is part of the vocal function exercise protocol (Stemple Lee, D'Amico, & Pickup, 1994), but it has not been compared to vocal function exercise without CD provision in an efficacy trial. Thus, we do not know whether individuals practice more frequently or accurately when provided with adherence support and for whom these strategies are useful.
It was the first of four meetings between the two teams during the season; they contested a two-legged League Cup semi-final in January 2010, followed by the reverse league fixture at the City of Manchester Stadium in April. United won three of the four games, scoring an injury-time winner on each occasion. Tevez played a central role as the rivalry increased, scoring or assisting a goal in each of the first three fixtures, and on multiple occasions clashed with United club captain Gary Neville both on the pitch and through the media. Each game was marred by incidents that warranted police attention, resulting in several arrests and an increased security presence at each match.
Manchester United had several players out of contention for the match. Paul Scholes was serving a one-match suspension, and Rio Ferdinand was considered a doubt with a calf injury, although he did eventually recover to start the match. Gabriel Obertan (calf), Rafael (shoulder), Edwin van der Sar (finger) and Owen Hargreaves (knee) were all ruled out through injury. Leading goalscorer Wayne Rooney, who had scored five times in United's opening five league matches, started in a two-man strike partnership with Dimitar Berbatov. Park Ji-sung replaced the suspended Scholes as the only change to United's starting line-up from their previous Premier League fixture against Tottenham, when he had been sent-off for two yellow cards.
The match kicked off at around 13:30 BST in front of a crowd of 75,066 at United's Old Trafford stadium. United took the lead inside two minutes; a quick throw-in by Giggs gave Evra the space to run past Shaun Wright-Phillips and play the ball to Rooney, who sidestepped Touré and De Jong before sliding the ball past Shay Given. After a quarter of an hour, a long ball by City defender Joleon Lescott looked to be heading straight to Ben Foster, but Tevez managed to get there ahead of the United goalkeeper and set up Gareth Barry for the equaliser. The first yellow card was given to Tevez for a "clumsy lunge" on Ferdinand in the 27th minute, and in the 36th minute Tevez was the recipient of a heavy tackle from Anderson, who himself was booked for the challenge. In the 44th minute, Vidić also picked up a yellow card for a foul on Micah Richards, and a minute later Tevez nearly gave City the lead, hitting the outside of the post following good team play involving Touré and Ireland. At half-time, as the players were leaving the pitch, Tevez responded to a hostile reception from the Stretford End by applauding "sarcastically". Moments later, a coin thrown from the stands struck Tevez's teammate Javier Garrido on the head.
Referee Martin Atkinson was criticised for bad time-keeping by Manchester City manager Mark Hughes, who said City felt "robbed" by the decision to allow the game to continue; fourth official Alan Wiley had signalled four minutes of additional time, but Owen's winning goal came almost six minutes after the clock had passed 90. Wiley's actions on the touchline, including appearing to share a joke with Alex Ferguson and ignoring Hughes' questions regarding the timekeeping, were reported to The Football Association (The FA) by City. Hughes was "frustrated" and "desperately disappointed" by the decision; he added that he wanted an explanation from Atkinson, but admitted it was unlikely. The head of Professional Game Match Officials Limited (PGMOL), Keith Hackett, analysed footage and statistics from the match and concluded that Atkinson was correct to extend the additional time beyond the four minutes. The Guardian newspaper conducted a study that revealed United were regularly given additional injury time at Old Trafford in games they were drawing or losing, as compared to when they were leading. Hughes proposed the future use of an independent timekeeper to bring additional clarity to the sport.
Foster described the game as a "disaster", while City's Lescott said there were "no excuses" for his team's defensive performance, though he felt his team deserved a draw. Touré defended the performance of fellow defender Richards, who should have been marking Owen prior to the last-minute winner, attributing the mistake to Richards' inexperience and the defence's lack of game time together, though later in the season Richards acknowledged he had "switched off for a few seconds" and wanted to make amends. Hughes said he was disappointed in his team's inability to see the game out, but was resolute in his opinion that City would be challengers, and said that Ferguson's post-match comments were proof he thought the same. While Lescott agreed with his manager, television pundit Alan Hansen wrote in The Daily Telegraph newspaper that it would take time to turn City into a team with "the togetherness and experience that United have in abundance", and in The Independent newspaper, journalist James Lawton noted the overall experience of Giggs and match-winner Owen, who had combined to score the winning goal. For guiding United to victory in each of their Premier League games in September 2009, Ferguson later received the Premier League Manager of the Month award, his 24th in total.
A 21-year-old man was charged by police with illegally accessing the pitch following the match, and City revealed they would not discipline Craig Bellamy for approaching and pushing the man away; Bellamy's actions were defended by Hughes and his assistant manager, Mark Bowen. Bellamy defended his actions by saying, "the simple facts are that he shouldn't have been on the pitch". Unused substitute Gary Neville claimed football had become "too sensitive" after The FA warned him regarding his celebration of the winning goal; Hughes had accused him of behaving like "a lunatic" for running onto the pitch and down the touchline towards the away supporters' section. Both players ultimately faced no punishment from The FA, although both were warned as to their future conduct. While there was no widespread trouble according to police, 12 people were arrested at the stadium for public order offences, and another 10 were arrested in the city centre, while 51 were ejected from the stadium during the match. Garrido, who had been struck by a coin at half-time, claimed United had "created a climate of hostility" towards City. United faced no disciplinary action over the incident, but the FA released a statement that said they expected United to "use all available means to identify and deal with the culprit appropriately and, along with the fan who entered the field of play, look to issue bans on attending future matches".
Owen's winning goal was described as the most dramatic he had scored since the one he scored for England against Argentina at the 1998 FIFA World Cup, and upon his retirement was ranked as the fourth-greatest goal of his career by The Independent newspaper. The Guardian selected it among his best moments for their Joy of Six feature. It has been ranked among the best derby moments of all time. Upon being inducted into the English Football Hall of Fame in 2014, Owen himself described it as one of the 10 goals he scored throughout his career to have a "special place" in his heart, and considers it one of the greatest televised games of all time. Writing in his 2018 autobiography, Reboot, he described it as an "iconic goal in such an important game", and that "it was a moment I'd always be remembered for". It is viewed as the last great moment of his career, as well as one of the most memorable injury-time goals in the history of the Premier League. Officially timed at 95:26, it is the fifth-latest goal scored in a Premier League fixture by a United player.
Speaking to the Premier League website after his retirement, City goalkeeper Given cited the game as his all-time favourite, saying it had "everything". Despite being on the winning side, his opposite number Ben Foster recognised his poor performance as one of the main reasons he was not a success at United, quoting Ferguson as saying to him, "You pull this shit ever again and that's you fucking done"; Foster ultimately became United's third-choice goalkeeper behind Edwin van der Sar and Tomasz Kuszczak, before being sold to Birmingham City at the end of the season. When appearing as a guest on Sky Sports programme Monday Night Football in 2018, United midfielder Darren Fletcher also selected the game as his favourite. 041b061a72